It is not possible to trace the exact origins of the Jelly Bean.
The process called panning was created in 17th century France and was used to make Jordan Almonds. Panning was done mostly by hand is now automated, but the process has remained essentially unchanged throughout the past three centuries. The panning process gave birth to shell coating and today, large rotating pans are used to do the heavy work. It’s the Master Confectioners that work on the art of adding and mixing the ingredients to create the perfect shell.
In some way, these processes reached the factories in the usa. The Jelly Beans began production there and soon earned a spot among the many glass’penny candy’ jars which were on display from the candy stores. In general stores, the Jelly Beans were sold by weight and contributed to the buyers placed in paper bags. They had been associated with the Easter Bunny was thought to deliver eggs on Easter as a sign of new life and the start of spring.
Manufacturing a Jelly Bean starts with the making of its own center. To do so, ingredients such as sugar and corn syrup among others are placed in large boilers which are heated to cook the mixture. The heated mixture is then passed through pipes and travels to the starch casting region. At this time, there are many trays containing impressions of the size and shape of the middle of the jellybean that are layered with cornstarch by machines. The mixture is then squirted out onto the trays and dried overnight. The following day, the cornstarch layer is removed and the beans are run via a moisture steam bath and are sprayed with sugar. The beans are then put aside for 24 to 48 hours.
What sets the jellybean besides other candies is its distinctive shell coating. This is achieved by the panning procedure. While the middle of the drum rotates, sugar is gradually added to build up the shell. Then, different colors and flavors are added to the mix to give the jellybean its signature flavor and look. The shiny look is because of the addition of Confectioner’s Glaze that’s a procedure that can take 2 to 4 times. After the beans are’polished’, they’re packaged and ready for shipping to candy stores around the world.
There have been two types of jellybeans since 1976. These are the traditional and the gourmet jellybeans. Although both types require 6 to 10 days to create, the difference is in their recipes that gives each their unique qualities. The conventional jelly bean normally holds its flavor just in the shells. The gourmet varieties however have flavored shells and centers. They also are smaller and thicker compared to the traditional jellybeans.